Vi sinh vật gây bệnh qua thực phẩm

Chúng tôi xin giới thiệu danh sách những vi sinh vật gây bệnh cho người thông qua thực phẩm. Đây là danh sách do tổ chức Dịch vụ Y tế công cộng của Mỹ đưa ra dựa trên tính nguy hiểm của bệnh và/hoặc số lượng người tiêu dùng mắc phải.


Most common bacterial cause of diarrhea in the United States; Sources: raw and undercooked meat and poultry, raw milk and untreated water

[[Clostridium botulinum]]

This organism produces a toxin which causes botulism, a life-threatening illness that can prevent the breathing muscles from moving air in and out of the lungs. Sources: home-prepared foods and herbal oils; honey should not be fed to children less than 12 months old


[[E. coli O157 H7]]

A bacterium that can produce a deadly toxin and causes approximately 73,000 cases of foodborne illness each year in the U.S.; Sources: meat, especially undercooked or raw hamburger, produce and raw milk

[[Listeria monocytogenes]]

Causes listeriosis, a serious disease for pregnant women, newborns and adults with a weakened immune system; Sources: soil and water. It has been found in dairy products including soft cheeses as well as in raw and undercooked meat, in poultry and seafood, and in produce


This virus is the leading cause of diarrhea in the United States. Any food can be contaminated with norovirus if handled by someone who is infected with this virus.


Most common cause of foodborne deaths. Responsible for millions of cases of foodborne illness a year; Sources: raw and undercooked eggs, undercooked poultry and meat, dairy products, seafood, fruits and vegetables

[[Staphylococcus aureus]]

This bacterium produces a toxin that causes vomiting shortly after ingesting; Sources: cooked foods high in protein (e.g. cooked ham, salads, bakery products, dairy products)


Causes an estimated 300,000 cases of diarrhea illnesses. Poor hygiene causes Shigella to be easily passed from person to person. Sources: salads, milk and dairy products, and unclean water.

[[Toxoplasma gondii]]

A parasite that causes toxoplasmosis, a very severe disease that can produce central nervous system disorders particularly mental retardation and visual impairment in children. Pregnant women and people with weakened immune systems are at higher risk; Sources: meat, primarily pork.

[[Vibrio vulnificus]]

Causes gastroenteritis or a syndrome known as primary septicemia. People with liver diseases are especially at high risk; Sources: raw or undercooked seafood.

Nguồn: website of the [[U.S. Food and Drug Administration]]